Tuesday, May 26, 2020
How to Succeed in Your Bachelor's Essay Topic and IdeasWriting a bachelor's essay topic and ideas can be daunting. If you want to succeed, the key is to know what to write. These tips will show you how to achieve your goals for success in the essay writing process.The first thing to do is to create an outline that includes all of the things that you want to talk about. This can include such topics as your interests, hobbies, education, career, and your goals. You should also include your objectives and what you want from your future and any experiences that you have. When you start writing, keep in mind that this should be a personal essay. That means that you should put yourself into the story.For your overall goal, you may want to create an overall goal. It could be something like 'The person who has a passion for animals 'The person who is a leader 'The person who will be successful.' Whatever your goal, you want to create a mission statement for yourself, so you are doing the bes t you can to reach that goal.Another important thing to include in your overall essay is your background. You want to give the reader an idea of your characteristics and attributes so they can see you as a leader, a person who is passionate about something, and so on. You also want to mention your favorite pastime or past times so you can be unique.The best way to write the essay is to go on a journey. Instead of looking at one point, you should look at the entire world. This will allow you to view it from a different perspective. This way, you can create a new perspective of the whole world. Writing a short story that relates to the world you live in is the best way to accomplish this.After you finish creating your overall theme, you will want to think about the main things that you want to talk about. These include things like your hobbies, your career, your family, and other important parts of your life. As you complete each chapter, you should incorporate a couple of those ideas and add them to your overarching theme. It is the overall theme of your essay that will be the most important part, so remember to include it!In addition to writing this, you will also need to study other people that have done this before. You can start by reading books and finding resources online. This will give you a better understanding of what you need to do and what you need to avoid. You should also have a mentor to help you throughout the writing process. To get started on your journey, you can start by reading the tips above.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
George S. Patton was a U.S. Army General, who was know for his grit and toughness. The kind of guy who was known for pouring his heart and soul into everything he did. He was a man of manyÃ¢â¬âeven self-contradictoryÃ¢â¬âways: He was a noted horseman and polo player, a well-known champion swordsman, and a competent sailor and sportsman Ã¢â¬ ¦ an amateur poetÃ¢â¬ ¦ a rough and tough soldierÃ¢â¬ ¦ a thoughtful and sentimental man. Unpredictable in his actions, yet always dependableÃ¢â¬ ¦ outgoing, yet introverted.Ã¢â¬ (Charles M. Province) He was also well known for his controversy and ability to rally the troops. His speech to the third army was given June 5th, 1944 which was the eve of the allied invasion of Europe. It was a chance for Patton to shine as a general.He knew he would have to construct a speech for which listeners and future readers would be struck by his harsh style, while incorporating his unstinting dependence of profanity. But we must not be led to believe that Patton had not carefully rehearsed every word, chosen precisely for its desired persuasive effect. Patton s address to the Third Army repays attentive examination, and, when the problems it is designed to address are identified, its brilliance and influence will become apparent. Yet, raising soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s moral raises a challenge: should a speech be a formal, incorporating articulate words and sentence structure, or should it be vulgar and rife with profanities? Patton begins the speech by mentioning how much AmericansShow MoreRelatedLeader ship Analysis of George S. Patton, Jr. Chase W. Seegmiller Western Kentucky2600 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages Leadership Analysis of George S. Patton, Jr. Chase W. Seegmiller Western Kentucky University Introduction As said by Old Blood and Guts himself, Almighty and most merciful Father, we humbly beseech Thee, of Thy great goodness, to restrain the immoderate rains with which we have had to contend. Grant us fair weather for Battle. Graciously hearken to us as soldiers who call Thee that, armed with Thy power, we may advance from victory to victory, and crush to oppression and wickednessRead MoreGeneral Patton and Mission Command: The Battle of the Bulge Essay1628 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVisualize, Describe, Direct, Lead and Assess, in which a commander is responsible for. General Patton understood the intent of the Battle of the Bulge on different levels, he was able to form a mental image for the course of actions for the allies, enemies and lead his Army into combat while guiding his officers and soldiers to succeed in meeting his intent. The Battle of the Bulge is where General Patton gained one of his greatest military achievements by using his tactical leadership and logisticalRead MoreLeadership And Cinematic Themes Of The Fil m And Media1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbe followed by a conclusion. The scholarly evidence will also be provided while presenting analysis. The film chosen for this purpose is Patton, which was released in 1970. Description of Artistic Means in Film Patton The film Patton is considered as one of the best movies of 1970s. The director of this film was Franklin J. Schaffner. The main character of the movie was Patton, which was played by George C. Scott. Among other characters were General Omar Bradley played by Karl Malden, General MontgomeryRead MoreWhat Makes A Leader? Essay932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswith tenure (or tie in rank), many people abandon their own needs and drives to maintain promotability. As for GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s second component, Self-Regulation (in the Robbins text it is also referred to as self-management), I see eye to eye with his analysis. In many organizations, leadership does not demonstrate apposite self-regulation. We have all had an experience with supervisor who was a Ã¢â¬ËscreamerÃ¢â¬â¢. In an organization such as the military, many believe this type of personality is necessary. UnfortunatelyRead MoreBear Creek Case Study1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCreek Dan Shay and George Patton formed a partnership and began developing their dream golf range. Their dream range and financial expectations fell short after the initial construction and first year of business. Martha Rawles presented Dan and George with a marketing plan that exposed the weaknesses of their golf operation. The marketing plan revealed a strong need for an advertising plan and expansion to cater to a greater segment of the golf market. Situation Analysis: Bear Creek must considerRead MoreLeadership And Me : A Holistic Approach1782 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLeadership and Me: A Holistic Approach Introduction The purpose of this paper is to reflect and make an analysis of the general strengths and weaknesses of a leader, provide recommendations, thoughts of overall performance to improve on this personÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership style in which practices and theories were utilized most effectively. Upon such, draw conclusions and provide an integration of this leadership practice into my own leadership practice. The accomplishment of this will be achieved by identifyingRead MorePersonal Finance959 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshttp://www.solutionsmanualtb.com click it ,it has the list Introduction to governmental and not-for-profit accounting, 7/e martin ives terry k. Patton solutions manual and test bank Introduction to information systems 2e canadian ed rainer cegielski splettstoesser hogeterp sanchez rodriguez instructor manual Introduction to logic, 14e irving m. Copi solutions manual and test bank Introduction to managerial accounting 6e brewer garrison solutions manual and test bank introduction to organic and biochemistryRead MoreRarara996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbusiness intelligence environments become more mature, real time and mission critical, the increased number of operational applications accentuates this problem. It is important to keep in mind the time-specific value of information. As General George S. Patton once said, A good plan, violently executed now, is better than a perfect plan executed next week. To form a good plan, one needs adequate information now, rather than perfect and correct information later. However, depending on the organizationalRead MoreThe European Theater Of World War II1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe operation would result in a major victory for the Allies and would also include the first major airborne assault carried out by the United States during the war by the U.S. 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment . Operation Torch: Battle Analysis Background: On 7 December 1941, the Japanese, Imperial Navy conducted a surprise attack against U.S. Naval Forces in the Pacific Ocean. The resulting declaration of war by the United States Congress aligned the United States with the Allied ForcesRead MoreCritical Analysis The Death Of The Ball Turret Gunner1047 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Doomed Fate A Critical Analysis of Three Messages in Randall JarrellÃ¢â¬â¢s, Gunner Ã Ã Ã Douglas MacArthur, an American general during World War II, described those who fight in war as, Ã¢â¬Å"The soldier, above all others, prays for peace; for it is the soldier who must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war.Ã¢â¬ Throughout history, war has been a part of every nation. From medieval times to present day, there have been a countless number of wars fought and even more human lives lost. Many short
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A Comparison of CBT, Relaxation Training and EMDR: A Study of Adolescence. Anxiety, depression and low self-esteem have several different causes. Adolescents can develop psychological trauma caused by broken families, bullying by peers, mental, physical and sexual abuse. (Bensley, Van Eenwyk, Spieker, Schoder, 1999). These things and many more can cause an adolescent to have low self-esteem, which has been known to create emotional problems such as anxiety and depression (Kendall-Tackett, Williams, Finkelhor, 1993). It can prove problematic to research large groups of adolescents. Many adolescent problems are not addressed until there are legal issues from environmental issues and/or poor behavior, having developed coping mechanismsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦CBT is different from traditional psychodynamic psychotherapy because CBT is an active intervention meaning the therapist and the patient will actively work together to help the patient recover. Therapists who perform CBT will likely be problem-focused, and goal-directed in addressing the challenging symptoms of mental illnesses. A patient can also expect to do homework or practice outside of sessions. (NAMI, 2012) Psychologists are showing a greater interest in adolescent emotional and behavioral problems. Studies to address school intervention techniques such as CBT and relaxation have been completed (Kahn, Kehle, Jenson, Clark, 1990). Researchers are looking at different techniques to help adolescents cope with high stress events and low self-esteem (Wanders, Serra, Jongh, 2008). In a long term study conducted by Barrett, Duffy, Dadds, and Rapee in 2001, CBT was shown to be an effective therapy for childhood anxiety disorders. The primary goal was to determine the long term effects of CBT and family oriented CBT. Family oriented CBT is the family context in which aggression or abuse may occur. This approach emphasizes training in intra- and interpersonal skills designed to enhance self-control and reduce violent behavior. Family oriented CBT has been found to improve functioning in school-aged children. Results indicated that for CBT and familyShow MoreRelatedSocial Anxiety And Its Effects On The World1738 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeing specific to certain things or situations. Social anxiety is listed differently in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.), with criteria almost identical to those of social phobia with the exception that the fear be out of proportion in frequency and/or duration (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Its symptoms range from blushing and profuse sweating to heart palpitations and panic attacks. Social anxiety is one of the top psychological problems in the UnitedRead MoreThe Effects Of Low Self Esteem On Adulthood Essay976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesResults for this study found that when testing for similar variable, boys and girls displayed very different results. Boys more than girls were more likely to be effected by marital status of the parents. Boys esteem was lower than girls, citing that boys without fathers in the home tended to have no one to look up to (Mandara Murray, 2000, p. 485). Also, boys had the tendency to sight their family functions as more negative when the marital status of parents was single. Income had a significantRead MorePeer Attachment And Self Esteem1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdetermining high self-esteem of students. Self-esteem can be defined as an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude about him or herself, inv olving self-evaluation along a positive- negative dimension. Most generally self-esteem refers to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s over all positive evaluation to the self. The study was conducted in Hisar District of Haryana state. All the adolescents studying in 9th and 10th standard falling in the age group 15 Ã¢â¬â 16 years were included in the sample for the study. Self-esteem was taken as dependentRead MoreSelf Reflection : Self Esteem956 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSelf-esteem is the comprehension of self-acknowledgement from the self and from others. Factors contributing to overall self-esteem includes; Self-worth, Self- tolerance and belief in oneself. (SOURCE4) Self-esteem is thought to begin as early as life and continue throughout existence with various changes as age progresses. (SOURCE#2) A sense of self-esteem outside of the norm can lead to problematic life occurrences. Both high and low self-perception can intervene with everyday life. People withRead MoreSelf Esteem And Body Im age1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Self-Esteem Body Image Ã¢â¬Å"When you accept yourself the whole world accepts you.Ã¢â¬ Self-esteem is used to describe a person s sense of self-worth. Self-esteem can involve different of beliefs about themselves, such as belittling their own beliefs, appearance and behaviors. Body image is your own attitude towards your body. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s how you see yourself, how you think and feel about the way you look. Self-esteem and body image can also be influenced by ageRead MoreChild Abuse And Its Effects On The Child1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesharboring the pain from what they experienced. Poverty and low socioeconomic status can also contribute to abuse. Unfortunately, a blind eye is turned against the perpetrators because of denial or fear of what could have to the child or offender. The abuser will threaten or instill fear in the victim so that no one find out about the abuse. Children who experience sexual, physical or psychological abuse are prone to lacking a positive self-image, the ability to develop healthy peer/adolescent relationshipsRead MoreThe Prevalence Of Mental Illness1348 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis estimated that these figures are rising. In 2004, the World Health Organization ranked major depression as third in terms of the overall burden of diseases in the world, (measured by Disability-Adjusted Life Years) and it is predicted to rise to second by 2030. (Langlois et al., 2011) One of the greatest concerns is that many in need of mental health services are not receiving treatment. Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the onset of mental illness and gender differences are evident in termsRead MoreStatistical Report on the Effects of Self-Efficacy on Depression1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction to self-efficacy Self-efficacy has been studied extensively since Albert Bandura first published his theory in 1977. In social situations, individuals have varying perceptions of their ability to successfully interact with others.(Bandura 1977) In other words, their self-efficacy beliefs reflect their level of social confidence (Bandura, 1977). The possession of strong self-efficacy beliefs has been related to positive outcomes in academic achievement, career choice and also to reduceRead MoreWhy Bullying Is An Act Of Survival932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesrest (Donegan, 2012) . Bullying in adolescence Bullying is an issue that exists in schools and other aspects of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s environment and can come in different forms, whether it is physical or social abuse. It has detrimental effects on the victim in relation to their well being (Turkmen et al. 2013). Nansel et. al(2003) identified that students reported being bullied in school significantly more than being bullied away from home. To illustrate, the study found that being bullied in schoolRead MoreEssay on Effects of Low Self Esteem on Children1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Effects of Low Self Esteem on Children Aruna Kalicharan Psychology of Infancy and Childhood (DEP 2000), Section 01 Professor Lissette M. Saavedra April 24, 2001 What is Low self-esteem? In most cases, children with low self-esteem feel that the important adults and peers in their lives do not accept them, do not care about them very much, and would not go out of their way to ensure their safety and well-being. Negative self-esteem is related to low self-confidence, insecurity, underachievement
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Global Business Of Organic Wines Of Sunshine Company. Answer: Introduction The study focuses on the product profile and its business objectives of Sunshine wine situated in Queensland. The sunshine coast in Queensland is considered as the one of the diverse developing wine regions in Queensland that encompasses boutique wineries as well as vineyards manufacturing award-winning products of wine (Rossi et al. 2012). The microclimate diversity helps to produce huge range of variety of grapes to be grown in Queensland. This attention in Vineyards helps in producing wines that have distinctive character. The report also highlights on the economic, political and business environment of Singapore and Sweden and their market potential for producing wine products. Economic Environment The wine industry in Australia has been ranked fourth in terms of wine exports by an amount of 750 million liters to the international market with approximately 40% of wine production consumed within the nation (Pethig 2013). This industry is a vital contributor to the total productivity, trade and employment of this economy. The wine industry in Australia contributes to $40.2 billion in the total output of the economy. This sector includes direct employment of approximately 68395 people to this economy. Recent statistics reflects that the wine industry has grown over the years in this nation. It has been noted that variation ion business cycles influences the wine industries in Australia. Theeconomic environment refers to the external factors including the broader nation influences the business environment of the wine industry. It includes both microeconomic as well asmacroeconomic environment. Microeconomic environment also influences the decision in business making that includes actions of the entities as well as the consumers whilemacroeconomic environment affects the entire Australian economy and the participants of the business. The macroeconomic factors include interest rates, taxes, currency exchange rates, inflation rate, unemployment rate, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and savings rate of the consumers. On the other hand, microeconomic environment factors involve size of the market, demand as well as supply of wine products, rivalries and distribution chain. Therefore, economic environment influences the success as well as failure in this wine industry in this nation. Moreover, the size and features of the Sweden and Singapore economy, FDI inflows and trade barriers influences the business of Sunshine wine in this nation. As recessionary phase affects both these countries, the Sunshine wine faces difficulty in selling their wine products and services to the customers. However, during this period, this firm cut the wages of the workers and hence disposable income of the consumers becomes less. As a result, the consumers purchase fewer products and this leads to decrease in sales and reduction in profitability level in this business. In addition, inflow of FDI plays a crucial role in expansion of wine business and hence increases the exports to these two nations. Inflow of investment improves the capital infrastructure in the business and helps in expanding into foreign markets. Therefore, it can be noted that sales of wine in Sweden and Singapore is affected by the wine market of Australia. Australia has been ranked fifth as accounted by market share as the Aussie wine value that is exported to Sweden increases to 26%. However, Sweden is known worldwide because of organic wine consumption and is aiming to raise its sales in the upcoming years. Australia contributes to 14% in the wine market of Singapore, as this nation is considered as the key wine suppliers in Singapore. Thus, the economic environment in Sweden and Singapore influences Sunshine Wine in Queensland. Political environment and Risk The political environment in Sweden and Singapore wine business involves certain political set of factors and other government activities in the international market. This can either aid or hamper the business activities in the global market (Hannah et al. 2013). However, there is certain uncertainty degree while conducting business in other nations and hence involves risk that is often termed as sovereign risk. Some of the political factors that influence the wine industry in Australia include the economic system, intervention of the government, tariffs, control of trade, tax policies and restrictions of import on product quality (Ferraro and Briody 2017). Adoption of tax policies by the government of these two nations restricts the business activities of wine companies and hence this adversely affects Australia as they are the main exporter of wine in these countries. In addition, there is no such trade barriers for the wine companies of Sweden and Singapore and hence this improves the economic growth of these nations. Hence, this influences the performance of the wine business in these two nations. Moreover, restriction of import of wine products adversely affects the revenue of wine companies owing to decrease in sales. Business Environment Business Environment refers to external as well as internal factors that affect the business activities of the organizations. The internal factors involve the strength and weakness of the wine companies while external factors has been grouped into opportunities and threats (Chong 2014). Singapore wine industry is relatively small with respect to Sweden wine market. The strength of the wine companies in these two nations includes innovative wine products, attaining good reputation by producing good quality wines, brand value, implementation of new technology for increasing productivity. The weakness of the wine companies in these nations includes poor promotional activities in promoting wine products, manufacturing poor quality wine, high cost of wine, poor distribution networks. In addition, opportunities of these companies involve advancement of technologies, ineffective rivalries and variation in social patterns etc improves the wine business of these two countries (Christ 2013). I n addition, new entrants, rising trade barriers and price wars between the companies poses threats to the wine entities in these two nations. Thus, wine companies in Sweden and Singapore poses threats from other countries. Overall the business environment of both the companies helps in expanding their business globally and achieve the highest rank. Market Potential Market potential refers to total market size of the products during a particular period. It is usually determined by volume of sales and value in the market. Australian wines have huge popularity in Sweden and Singapore market. However, Sunshine Wine faces several challenges from other nations in order to maintain its position in the markets of these two nations. The retailers provide wine products to these nations according to their market demands. The wine market in Sweden and Singapore has generated huge investment on the Sunshine exporters of this product. Though the wine market of these two nations are dominated by other nations, Australia holds price advantage over its competitors due to free trade agreements with these two countries. It has been opined by (Cassi 2012) that free trade agreements increase the size of the market for a particular product in the respective nation. Recent study also reflects that the market potential for wine of these two nations improved during the years. Country Choice Wine market in Singapore is considerable smaller as compared to wine market in Sweden. Although the wine sector in Singapore has grown over the years, the size of the wine market expanded in Sweden. The reason behind the expansion in Sweden wine market is the increase in sales of organic wine over the last ten years. In addition, Swedish wine industry has a monopoly market structure and hence the retailers benefits in this market structures by setting the price owing to increase in demand. Sweden wine companies purchases Australias exported wine according to the needs and preferences of the customers. Thus , the total sale of wine in this country increases during the period 2006 to 2016 and thus leading to expansion of wine market in Sweden (Anderson and Nelgen 2015). Moreover, it creates huge opportunities to the entities that includes introduction of internet wine shops. On the contrary, free trade agreements throw little positive effect in the Singaporean wine industry. As stated by (), Singaporean wine sector will expand in upcoming years owing to increase in demand for red wine. Weighted index refers to market value index in which the components are weighted based on the companys market value of their shares. As the wine companies in Sweden has shown huge sales of organic wine for the past few years, their market share value is high as compared to Singaporean wine companies. Thus, Sweden wine market is chosen over the Singaporean market owing to high market value of the shares of their companies. Conclusion From the above assignment it can be concluded that Sunshine Wine in Queensland contributes to Australias GDP growth and reduces the unemployment in the country. Additionally, as they are main exporters of wine in Sweden and Singapore, this company attains huge profit in terms of trade. Moreover, it is recommended that the Sunshine Wine Queensland must focus on their marketing strategies and free trade agreements with other nations in order to expand their business in other nations. As a consultant, it can be suggested that this company must focus on their wine packaging and taste according to the market demand of other nations including Sweden and Singapore. References Anderson, K. and Nelgen, S., 2015.Global wine markets, 1961 to 2009: a statistical compendium(p. 468). University of Adelaide Press. Cassi, L., Morrison, A. and Ter Wal, A.L., 2012. The evolution of trade and scientific collaboration networks in the global wine sector: a longitudinal study using network analysis.Economic geography,88(3), pp.311-334. Chong, S., 2014. Business process management for SMEs: an exploratory study of implementation factors for the Australian wine industry.Journal of Information Systems and Small Business,1(1-2), pp.41-58. Christ, K.L. and Burritt, R.L., 2013. Critical environmental concerns in wine production: an integrative review.Journal of Cleaner Production,53, pp.232-242. Duarte Alonso, A., Bressan, A., OShea, M. and Krajsic, V., 2014. Exporting wine in complex times: A study among small and medium wineries.Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development,21(2), pp.345-364. Ferraro, G.P. and Briody, E.K., 2017.The cultural dimension of global business. Taylor Francis. Hannah, L., Roehrdanz, P.R., Ikegami, M., Shepard, A.V., Shaw, M.R., Tabor, G., Zhi, L., Marquet, P.A. and Hijmans, R.J., 2013. Climate change, wine, and conservation.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,110(17), pp.6907-6912. Jones, G.V. and Alves, F., 2012. Impact of climate change on wine production: a global overview and regional assessment in the Douro Valley of Portugal.International Journal of Global Warming,4(3-4), pp.383-406. Martin, J.S. and Chaney, L.H., 2012.Global Business Etiquette: A Guide to International Communication and Customs: A Guide to International Communication and Customs. ABC-CLIO. Overton, J. and Murray, W.E., 2013. Class in a glass: capital, neoliberalism and social space in the global wine industry.Antipode,45(3), pp.702-718. Pethig, R. ed., 2013.Valuing the environment: methodological and measurement issues(Vol. 2). Springer Science Business Media. Rossi, M., Vrontis, D. and Thrassou, A., 2012. Wine business in a changing competitive environmentstrategic and financial choices of Campania wine firms.International Journal of Business and Globalisation,8(1), pp.112-130.
Thursday, April 16, 2020
Management 201 Task: Choose a company and identify all motivational (employee-centered) programs that the company has in place. Then ascertain the significance and objectives of these programs. Next provide a critique of these programs. Finally, recommend changes that will improve on the programs and/or new programs that will better meet the objectives articulated above. Overview: The company that I have chosen as the subject of my research is the AAA Travel Agency. More specifically, I have interviewed several travel agents from the Reno, Pennsylvania location, which serves patrons from Western Pennsylvania as well as West Virginia. The bulk of the information for my analysis has come directly from the in-office interviews with Ms. Tiffany Pacior, the senior travel agent for the Reno office. She has provided me with information directly out of the AAA employee handbook as well as personal information covering the positive and negative effects she has experienced from the programs I will be discussing. There can be little doubt that the backbone of every successful business or company is its staff of employees. Employees are the vital parts of the business machine that can aid in its success or contribute to its failure. It is for this reason that it is imperative to possess the ability to acquire and maintain effective employees. The chief method by which a business or company can accomplish this task is through employee-centered motivational programs. The goal of these programs is to encourage employees to maximize their performance by targeting three specific motivational stimuli. These include morale, satisfaction, and rewards. After researching their policies and interviewing employees, I have came to the conclusion that AAA of Reno, Pennsylvania has adopted Fredrick Taylor's approach to motivating their employees. In this paper I will demonstrate how AAA applies Taylor's scientific management approach to target the three motivational stimuli stated above. I will also provide some insight from the employee's perspective as to how effective the programs are at what they are designed to achieve. The scientific management approach to motivation evolved from the work of Frederick Taylor. He believed that when highly productive people discover they are being compensated basically the same as less productive people, then the output of highly productive people will decrease. Consequently, the scientific management approach to motivation is based on the assumption that money is the primary motivator. This seems to be the ideology that AAA has adopted to produce high morale, achieve satisfaction, and reward their employees. Morale, as it applies here, may be defined as the overall feeling of the members of an organization. Generally speaking, a company with a high morale among its employees enjoys above average performance and a lower than average employee termination rate. AAA has several programs in practice, which support the scientific management approach to motivation to produce high morale. First, it is not uncommon for a travel agent to work beyond the scheduled forty-hour workday to complete the tasks of a heavy business day. It was for this reason that the company offers overtime compensation for the dedication of their employees. The company pays one and a half times their regular hourly rate of pay when an agent works more than their scheduled hours per week. Also, for those individual days when an agent works more than ten hours per day, they are entitled to overtime dinner pay. The employees stressed that this is a worthwhile program because it allows overtime workers to order dinner from l ocal delivery shops. The objective here is simple, no one likes to work on an empty stomach and so why not use a little give and take to make the employees feel like they are not being taken advantage of. It has proven to be effective from the opinions of the employees I interviewed. The final program I was made aware of designed to bolster company morale is the ?paid time off? program. This allows employees to take time off from their work for various reasons and to be regularly paid as if they were working for that period of time. Acceptable reasons for this privilege cover a wide spectrum including personal vacation, minor illness, funeral leave, jury duty, holidays, military leave, and marriage. Ms. Pacior explained that although these programs
Friday, March 13, 2020
Stigma, Stigmas, and Stigmata Stigma, Stigmas, and Stigmata Stigma, Stigmas, and Stigmata By Maeve Maddox Another term associated with religious practice, but often used in other contexts, is stigma. The word has two plural forms: stigmas and stigmata. Stigma derives from Greek and Latin words for the type of mark made by burning, like the brand placed on a slave, or by cutting. The wordÃ¢â¬â¢s figurative meaning is Ã¢â¬Å"mark of censure or infamy.Ã¢â¬ The plural stigmata appears in a line at the end of Saint Pauls Letter to the Galatians. Paul says he Ã¢â¬Å"bears ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s stigmata in his bodyÃ¢â¬ (stigmata Domini Iesu in corpore meo porto). Paul is playing on different meanings of the word stigma. On the one hand, he is contrasting the marks and scars he has received by preaching Christianity as the valid equivalent of the mark/stigma of circumcision, which some Jewish Christians of his time insisted should be required of converted Gentiles. He is also using the word in the sense of the identifying mark of a slave, implying that he belongs to Christ, as a slave belongs to his master. In modern religious usage, the Latin plural stigmata refers specifically to marks on the body that mimic the five wounds of Christ: nail holes in the hands/wrists and feet, and a wound in the side. Some reported stigmata include pain and marks around the head (from the crown of thorns) and on the back (from scourging). The first documented stigmatic (person who exhibits ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s stigmata) was Francis of Assisi: TheÃ saintsÃ right side is described as bearing on open wound which looked as if made by a lance, while through his hands and feet were black nails of flesh, the points of which were bent backward.- New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.Ã A stigmatic who lived in the twentieth century and was studied by contemporary physicians was Pio of Pietrelcina (1887-1968). The figurative use of stigma is popular in the media to refer to the disapprobation displayed toward certain members of society or to characteristics felt to be socially disreputable. Used in this sense, the usual plural is stigmas. Here are some examples of this use of stigma: Now, in the 21st century, we still have a situation where the words Ã¢â¬Å"mental illnessÃ¢â¬ have negative connotations, leading to stigma surrounding anyone diagnosed with mental illness. In 1936, a bill was passed that made Texas the first state in the southwest to legally remove theÃ stigma of illegitimacyÃ from birth records. It is important to understand stigma in India, given its varied culture and mixture of rural and urban populations. The verb is to stigmatize: Afflicted individuals and racial or national groupsÃ have been stigmatizedÃ because of perceptions about highly contagious, difficult-to-cure diseases. [This book] is a great overview of how romance novels (and their readers)Ã have been stigmatizedÃ for centuries. How Singles Are Stereotyped,Ã Stigmatized, and Ignored An error in the use of stigma is the redundancy of following it with the word mark: There is a stigma mark attached to being Aboriginal. I would think that if anyone needs a stigma mark, it is them. Note: The noun stigma has other meanings in scientific contexts. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Dialogue Dos and Don'ts45 Synonyms for Ã¢â¬Å"OldÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Old-FashionedÃ¢â¬ The 7 Types of Possessive Case
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Women's roles in society - Research Paper Example The development of feministÃ¢â¬â¢s movements and the increased awareness about the capabilities of women forced male communities to accept the identity of women in a more liberal manner. In liberal societies, todayÃ¢â¬â¢s women enjoy the same freedom as that of men; they can work in any professions they like and engage in any activities they like. For example, Canada is the fourth country in the world to legalize gay and lesbian marriage (Dube). In other words, Canada has not shown any discrimination while legalizing same sex marriage; along gay marriage, lesbian marriage was also legalized in Canada. At the same time, it should be noted that in countries like Saudi Arabia, women are not even allowed to drive their vehicles. BBC (17 June 2011) has reported that a women was arrested in Saudi Arabia in May 2011, for uploading a video of herself driving a vehicle. Ã¢â¬Å"Manal al-Sherif was accused of "besmirching the kingdom's reputation abroad and stirring up public opinion", but was released after 10 days having promised not to drive againÃ¢â¬ (Saudi Arabia women drive cars in protest at ban). From the above two incidents it is evident that the roles of women in liberal societies are changing rapidly whereas in traditional societies, it remains the same. Thompson (2010) has mentioned that Ã¢â¬Å"jobs for women were largely limited to work as household servants during ancient timesÃ¢â¬ (Thompson). Dr. Benson et al, (2010) have pointed out that Ã¢â¬Å"women in some cultures have been denied access to education or there may be no education system due to circumstances in their countryÃ¢â¬ (Dr. Benson et al, p.359). Lack of education or denial of educational opportunities forced women in totalitarian countries like Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan etc to limit their activities within the boundaries of their house. The over influence of religion over social life is the major reason for the underdevelopment of women life in these countries. It should be noted th at even in communist China, the role of women has been changed drastically over the last few decades. Africa is a region which is famous for totalitarian or autocratic administrations. Even the African women enjoy much more freedom than the women in fundamental Muslim societies. The leadership roles women have played in the development of various African societies cannot be underestimated. The contributions of women towards the social, economic, political and educational developments of African societies cannot also be gainsaid. In fact, traditional African society attached no importance to gender issues because every individual had a role to play both in the family as well as in the larger society (Afisi, p.230) It is evident from the above discussions that the major obstacle which prevents women from development is not politics, but religion or religious beliefs. Western countries are more aware of the changing roles of women in society and they are ready to make necessary changes in their social life. As stated earlier, women in western countries can engage in all activities in which their male counterparts engaged in. For example, it should be noted that many biggest organizations like Pepsi are currently run by women CEOÃ¢â¬â¢s. Such things were unimaginable around thirty or forty years before. The capabilities of women in handling pressure and undertaking risky jobs are well accepted by the western societies. However, the conditions of the women in third world are not like that in the western world. In third world, women are still considered as second class citizens. Ã¢â¬Å"They are denied even some of the fundamental rights and privileges which are so essential for the preservation of human dignityÃ¢â¬