Sunday, February 9, 2020

Where Gay Rights will be in 20 years Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Where Gay Rights will be in 20 years - Essay Example However, steady improvements have been observed over the years indicating that the civil and human rights of gay men and lesbian women are improving. However, with the federal government’s slow response and interventions whenever progress is made, indicates that we might be a long way off from granting gay men and lesbian women equal protection of the law. It is expected however, that those rights will gradually change and in twenty years from now, the rights, freedoms and protection of gay men and lesbian women will be virtually, but not entirely complete. History of Gay Rights When the Americans With Disabilities Act was enacted in 1990, then President Bush described the Act as an â€Å"Historic new civil rights Act† (Burgdoft, Jr. 1991, p. 413). The Act promised to ensure that all Americans with disabilities would be accorded equal opportunities for employment and doors previously shut to them would be opened (Burgdoft, Jr., 1991). However, the civil rights ambit of the Americans with Disabilities Act 1990 is questionable. The Act does not extend its protection to a number of individuals. Among the notable exclusions are homosexuals, transvestites and bisexuals (Americans with Disabilities Act 1990). ... the federal government and thus expressly prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender, national origin, religion, race or color (Title VII Civil Rights Act 1964). Implicitly there is no right to expect equal treatment on the basis of sexual orientation and therefore gay persons may not rely on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act 1964 to seek remedies against discrimination based on their sexual orientation. In fact, the US Supreme Court has said as much (Williamson v A.G. Edwards & Sons, Inc, 1990). The right to equal protection and equal treatment in employment by homosexuals and lesbians has been denied on the basis that bills intending to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act to include homosexuals and lesbians have not been passed (Blum v Gulf Oil Corp. 1979). A similar position is taken with respect to Title 42 USC 1981 and 1985 which protects against discrimination in employment by non-Federal employers (Title 42 USC 1981 & 1985). Courts have consistently rejected claims fo unded on claims of employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation (De Santis v Pacific Tel. & Tel. Co. 1979). Gays in the US have also been denied the advantages and benefits that emanate from marriage. The Defense of Marriage Act 1996 states that its purpose is to â€Å"define and protect the institution of marriage† (Defense of Marriage Act 1996). Pursuant to the Defense of Marriage Act 1996, marriage is defined as a â€Å"legal union between one man and one woman† (Defense of Marriage Act 1996, Section3). Moreover, no state is obliged to accept a same sex marriage legalized by any other state (Defense of Marriage Act 1996, Section). Section 2 of the Defense of Marriage Act 1996 is apparently unconstitutional. The Full Faith and Credit Clause of the US Constitution requires

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Blacks worthy of Free

Blacks worthy of Freedom Essay Born the youngest of eleven children, Marcus Garvey started his inspiring life in the rather uninspiring town of St. Ann, Jamaica in 1887. Before his death in 1940, Garvey would revolutionize the way many Blacks throughout the world portrayed their lives and approached the White world they were thrown into. Garvey was revolutionary from many of his contemporary thinkers, Black or White. His most extreme belief was that it’s impossible for white people to responsibly hold the best interests for black people. Garvey proclaimed an activist paradigm at a time a place when black Americans most needed hopeful guidance and social rejuvenation. Garvey believed that Black people had to unite as a common faction, not one that was divided by scales of darkness, or history of family DNA, all Black could unite under the Pan-African principle. United, the rallies spread a revival amongst down trodden Black Americans, many of who were disenfranchised by White America, who only recently saw Blacks worthy of Freedom. After World War I, Europe and Africa proved themselves easy to carve. Territory boundaries were easily re-drawn on maps and countries grew, while others collapsed. The theory of new country, one founded under the principles of Garvey-ism, did not seem that distant to his followers. Eventually, under carful structure that saw room for all members of the community, Garvey’s organization, the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) grew as a symbol of rebellion against the White rulers, as well as social gathering welcoming all Blacks with the same Pan-Africanist that united everyone. Garvey sought to revive the Black community through communal strength, societal willpower, and business gumption. As his organization grew in radicalism, it spread warning of rebellion, which naturally appealed to disenfranchised blacks in all parts of the world, many of who saw Garvey as the agent of an Earthly salvation.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Vietnam War :: essays research papers

The very mention of the name Vietnam in the 1960s and '70s came to signify either a brutal jungle war or a spectacular failure of American power - or both. Thankfully, the combined legacies of French occupation, the Vietnam War and withdrawal of Soviet aid in 1990 have given way to the Vietnamese citizens' thriving entrepreneurial spirit, fueled by overseas investment and a relaxing of government control. And yet, the exotic chime of names and places still remains: Hue, Dien Bien Phu, the Perfumed River, the Plain of Reeds. The people are erudite and friendly, the food a delicious mixture of French and local cuisine's, and the scenery is sublime. Although Vietnam lies in the intertropical zone, local conditions vary from frosty winter in the far northern hills to the year-round subequatorial warmth of the Mekong Delta. At sea level, the mean annual temperature is about 27 degrees C in the south, falling to about 21 degrees C in the far north. Because of its wide range of latitudes and altitudes, there are no good or bad seasons for visiting Vietnam. When one region is wet, cold or steaming hot, there is always somewhere else that is pleasantly warm and sunny. Visitors should take into account the Vietnamese New Year celebration (Tet) which falls in late January or early February - flights and accommodation are often fully booked. Four great philosophies and religions have shaped the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity. Over the centuries, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism have melded with popular Chinese beliefs and ancient Vietnamese animism to form what is known as Tam Giao (or `Triple Religion'). The Vietnamese language (kinh) is a hybrid of Mon-Khmer, Tai and Chinese elements with many of its basic words derived from the monotonic Mon-Khmer languages. The most widely spoken foreign languages in Vietnam are Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), English, French and Russian, more or less in that order. Popular artistic forms include: traditional painting produced on frame- mounted silk; an eclectic array of theaters, puppetry, music and dance; religious sculpture; and lacquerware. Vietnamese cuisine is especially varied - there are said to be nearly 500 different traditional dishes, ranging from exotic meats such as bat, cobra and pangolin to fantastic vegetarian creations (often prepared to replicate meat and fish dishes). However, the staple of Vietnamese cuisine is plain white rice dressed up with a plethora of vegetables, meat, fish, spices and sauces. Spring rolls and steamed rice pancakes are popular snacks, and the ubiquitous soups include eel and vermicelli, shredded chicken and bitter soups. Some of the more unusual fruits available include green dragon fruit, jujube, khaki, longan, mangosteen, pomelo, three-seed cherry and water apple.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Effects of the Fur Trade on Native Societies Essay

Between the fifteenth and the nineteenth century the fur trade and slave trade connected the global commerce, and played a significant role in world history. Each of them transformed the destiny of North American and African society. Politically, economically and culturally, North Americans were dying slowly in seemingly more peaceful fur trade, and Africans were immediately hit by the wreaked havoc of slave trade. North America’s ostensible peace with the outside world could not avoid civil wars, as African people’s self-protection could not avoid European gory violent human plunder. In Africa, people were still live in a village community system with introverted self-governments. When colonists came, big kingdoms fragmented because the increasing of trade and arms. In this way, there was not a large-scale revolt or uprising in native Africa. As a result, small societies suffered from frequent slave raiding. As long as their own village was safe, they passively watched as people in other villages were raided and sold. Benin was a developed state in West Africa. In the 16th century the oba banned slave trade and relatively avoided slave traders. They bought arms from Europeans to protect themselves, but never helped others. In consequence, the power of oba declined in the 18th century and they could not stop the slave trade any more (456-457). When armed aggressors burst in small villages, they could not even protect themselves like Benin, but just be pillaged in desperation. Native Americans maintained cooperative relationships with Europeans under the fur trade. It protected them from extinction and slavery like those in Africa. However native people noticed the benefit of the fur trade, and then the profit of trade intensified the competition among tribes. They began to demand guns to deal with other tribes – and Europeans had gun. Therefore a circulation of furs and guns was fo rmed, and the increasing of arms imports aggravated the political conflicts of native people. In other words, more trade, more warfare. Fur trade brought North America both modern civilization and prolonged damage, yet the African economy was directly attacked by slave trade. North Americans traded furs with Europeans and received foreign goods and benefits such as pots, guns and metals. Europeans finished products gave them modern technology and tools, and caused the self-sufficiency system to transform to agricultural villages. Hurons lived in North America â€Å"in the early seventeenth century†. They traded many beavers and â€Å"received copper pots, metal axes, knives, cloth, firearms, and alcohol† (447). It was a big step for North America, to become a modern and developed society. Nevertheless, it was also the start of a long-term decline. â€Å"By the 1760s, hunters in southern British colonies took about 500,000 deer every year† (446). Hunters largely killed industrious animals, the amount of them sharply decreased. The fur trade absorbed labor supply, and restricted other developments. In reality, North America had been lagged behind chronically under the simple and dependent economic system caused by fur trade. Unlike North America, Africa had been steadily developing for a while in sixteenth century. The slave trade, was unprecedented havoc for native people and society. Just demographically, Africa lost millions of population in the fifteenth through nineteenth century. The productivity was greatly broken. The economy stagnated, or even retrogressed without technology. Both native North American and African people lost part of their ethos and native culture. North America was changed more by profit motive; however Africa was forced by demographical transformation and authorities’ avarice. Before European’s arrival, North Americans led a primitive lifestyle as a part of nature. They had laggard tools and technology but mastered natural environment. Their moral quality could be confirmed by the origin of Thanksgiving holiday: Native Indian helped European settlers tide over the hard time. Although they were economically backward, their spiritual civilization was wealthy. But after they began to trade with Europeans, they killed animals in quantity, overly reclaimed land, and broke their belief of nature. The benefits of furs led people to trade for guns and fight other tribes. Many of them became alcoholics, spent a lot of money to buy rum and brandy. They used foreign products all the time, and forgot their traditional crafts. In Africa, Europeans raided and drove away people in different cultures, and exterminated many ancient civilizations. The Europeans trading living human without caring whether they lived or died, was a bloody humiliation in the history. The hard truth is that many native authorities joined slave trading for their own interest. Dahomey was a highly authoritarian state in eighteenth century. They fully participated in slave trade and helped Europeans capture a lot of native people (456-457). It was a miserable shame of African culture and entire human history, that the chiefs of states helped invaders do human trafficking. Both trades certainly destroyed a part of native civilization, and changed a part of people. The politics, culture and economy of the native North Americans were gradually negatively affected while trading with Europeans and Africans were rapidly devastated by large human raid. Once, struggling in the wheel of history, they grew and died.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Abraham Lincolns Path to Achieving Success - 680 Words

Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States, and led America through one of the biggest struggles our country has ever faced. Coming from a humble upbringing he didn’t quite have everything on a silver platter. That however did not stop him from achieving success. He took his gifts and talents given from God and made the best of them changing our life now, and for years to come. Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809 in a one room log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. His Father was a carpenter and a farmer who moved the Lincolns to Indiana when Abe was only seven. At the age of nine his mother died from drinking bad milk from a cow. Abraham`s Father remarried to a women who had gotten along with Abe wello. Abraham`s stepmother had introduced him to education, and also to books. When he wasn’t working on his Fathers farmhouse then he was constantly reading. At the age of 21 his family moved again to Illinois. Not long after that he set off again on his own at the age of 22. As a grown man he stood tall at 6’4’’ in the town of New Salem, Illinois. He developed a good reputation as he could split rails and chop big trees. At first he worked as a clerk in the grocery store, having only one local grocery store he got to know the people well. Soon he decided to run for the Legislature, and after many failed attempts he became a lawyer and was very successful. He later volunteered in the Black Hawk War, and while deployed he was veryShow MoreRelatedAbraham Lincoln: Organizational Culture and Leadership5118 Words   |  21 PagesGroup Assignment Part I: Organizational Culture ‘Imperial College of Business Studies (ICBS)’ Part II: Leadership ‘Abraham Lincoln’ Introduction This report has been compiled as a group assignment under continuous assessments for BUS 4304 – ‘Organizational Culture and Leadership’, a subject which is followed during the Semester 1 of the 4th Academic Year for the Bachelor’s Degree – Business Administration (Special) offered by the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. As per the guidelinesRead MoreVoices of Equality in Harriet Beecher Stowes Book, Uncle Toms Cabin1373 Words   |  6 Pagesall Americans under the Constitution, there are three that will be discussed in this report – the writer, the President, and the minister. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book that put the issue of slavery in the minds of every American, President Abraham Lincoln took office with Civil War on the horizon, and Lucretia Mott stood strong as an Abolitionist and used the momentum of that fight to secure the rights of all American men and women. The Writer Harriet Beecher Stowe brought the suffering ofRead MoreEmancipation and the Freedmen’s Bureau2539 Words   |  11 PagesAmerican Civil War was a chaotic and bloody conflict for the United States. While the Civil War was not strictly fought over slavery, it was a central factor. At the outbreak of the war, there were approximately four million slaves in the Union. With Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation, those slaves were declared free men. However a large majority of those slaves were located in territory held by the Confederacy, and it was not until the end of the conflict that that these men and women actually saw theirRead MoreIndian Democracy at Crossroad3296 Words   |  14 Pagesmore democratic Democracy, the form of government where supreme power is directly or indirectly vested in people, has become a global discourse that can be gauged from the fact that many post-colonial countries have adopted it with remarkable success. The dramatic global expansion of democracy in the last few decades in post-colonial countries speak volume of this most popular form of representative government. The ever fluctuating political dynamics coupled with changing socio-economic patternsRead MoreEssay about The Slave Trade in Colonial America4298 Words   |  18 Pagesslaves issued by President Lincoln. November 7- The president replaces McClellan with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln had grown impatient with McClellans slowness to follow up on the success at Antietam, even telling him, If you dont want to use the army, I should like to borrow it for a while. December 13 - Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss ofRead Morewisdom,humor and faith19596 Words   |  79 Pagessuch as: seeing things clearly; seeing things as they are deeply understanding the human/cosmic situation being able to handle whatever arises with peace of mind and an effective, compassionate, holistic response. He also notes that psychologist Abraham Maslow suggested that wise people â€Å"tended to be more detached than ordinary from the dictates and expectations of their culture. They were inner-directed people. They were creative, too, and appreciated the world around them with a sense of awe andRead MoreImpact of Emerging Markets on Marketing15122 Words   |  61 Pagessegmentation, pricing, advertising, and distribution; typical moderating variables have been culture, government policy, administrative rules and regulations, and level of economic development. The most common outcome variables are entry failure or success, premium pricing, market share, and profitability. Finally, the most common mediating variables are consumers’ predisposition and local competition. The tone of this research seems to be colonial in its mind-set about emerging markets, probably becauseRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagesout of here! b. Im sure Martin Luther King Jr. didnt die during the 1960s, because it says right here in the encyclopedia that he was assassinated in Memphis in 1998. c. The Republican Party began back in the 1850s as a U.S. political party. Abraham Lincoln was their first candidate to win the presidency. d. I don’t believe you when you say Martin Luther King Jr. could have been elected president if he hadn’t been assassinated. Try to discipline yourself to read and answer these sample exercises

Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Future of Nonprofits Organizations Essay

An individual’s level of education and experience influences the position that one gets in a not for-profit organization. The position can either be managerial or non-managerial in nature. This position in turn influences the role one plays in the organization. Management positions can be classified into top managers, middle managers and first line managers (Murray, 1997). Top managers provide overall leadership for the organization. They develop goals and objectives as well as the strategies to meet them. Top managers spent most of their time in planning and leading as well as communicating with stakeholders. Conceptual, multicultural and strategic action competencies are crucial for top management. Middle managers translate the goals of the top management into workable plans for first line managers to implement as well as coordinating their activities. At this level, teamwork, and planning and administration competencies are vital so as to achieve organizational goals in. First line managers are directly responsible for supervision of the delivery of services or goods. Technical expertise is important for this level.non- managerial positions involve the production of the actual services or goods. An individual’s commitment to an organization depends on several factors. The consistency of the organization’s mission and vision with an individual’s personal beliefs and convictions influences commitment. This plays a significant part especially when viewed with regard to the social and religious realms. The organization’s culture, which is the system of shared meaning and beliefs held by its members and largely determines how they act also influences commitment. This includes the degree to which employees are committed to values of:   precision, innovation, efficiency, effectiveness and team work. Most employees are committed to organizations with strong values. An organization’s structural plan ultimately influences commitment.   The organizations which have systems that allow professional growth and development attract more commitment from their employees than those that don’t (Cornforth, 2003). Opportunities for employment in non-profit organizations exist in a wide array of sectors including education, health, agriculture, energy among others. These agencies are involved in working with communities and groups so as to alleviate problems using a participatory approach (Grobman, 2007). A career in the not -for profit sector has many rewards. With most agencies providing salaries that are higher than those offered by for-profit firms, the monetary incentive is alluring. The service of working to alleviate the problems of a society brings a feeling of satisfaction and compassion. Exemplary service in not-for profit organizations can   lead to recognition by government and world bodies such as the United Nations, a good example being Nobel laureate   Wangari Maathai from Kenya, who won   the Nobel prize for   her efforts in protecting the environment through her Green Belt movement. Requirements for entry level jobs vary with different organizations. Some require basic education while others require advanced levels. Generally college education is suffice for most entry level jobs. Once in the job and with continued education, one can easily scale up the ladder to administrative positions. Most not for profit agencies employ on contractual terms. This may range from three months to two or five years for most. However do some employ on permanent and pensionable terms. References Cornforth, c. (2003). The governance of public and nonprofit organizations. USA: Roulledge Grobman, G.M (2007). Introduction to nonprofit sector. Harrisburg PA: White hat communication Murray, D. (1997). Ethics in organizations. London: CooperLybrad.

Friday, December 20, 2019

Disadvantages of Helicopter Parenting Essay example

Helicopter Parenting How does a person grow up to be who they are? Most people say it is determined by the way their parents raise them. The parents that hover close and the parents that give their children space will have children with complete opposite characteristics. Parents that hover close are referred to as â€Å"Helicopter Parents,† and children that are given a lot of space are called â€Å"Free- Range Kids† (Rutherford). Although these styles of parenting are vastly different, both kinds of parents are trying to do what is best for their child. Of the two parenting types, helicopter parenting is looked at as a worse method for parenting. There are more negative aspects of it then there are positive. Not only do helicopter parents†¦show more content†¦What may be the most noticeable characteristic of these parents is their over involvement in their child’s academics. They see their child’s school work and academic activities as something that is for the child and parent together instead of for the child alone (How Not to Be a Helicopter Parent). Therefore, when the child does not do well on any given thing, the parent feels guilty as if it were their fault that the child failed (How Not to Be a Helicopter Parent). The over involvement of parents can make the child develop psychological issues. They are shown to have a higher risk of depression, anxiety, lack self-confidence, and have low self-esteem (â€Å"Helicopter Parents† Stir Up Anxiety, Depression). It is shown that no matter what parenting technique is being used, every parents goal is to build their child’s self-esteem (Rutherford). Sadly, helicopter parenting does the exact opposite. Equally important, the persons lack of self- confidence comes from the over involvement of their parents in his/her childhood activities and academics. They never experienced failure or loss because the parents were always there to step in, so they never achieved anything to build their confidence (â€Å"Helicopter Parents† Stir Up Anxiety, Depression). It is common for a child with helicopter parents to develop depression when moving from their home toShow MoreRelatedFree Range Parenting Is Too Dangerous For Children1676 Words   |  7 Pageswarned in some ways as a consequence. So what makes kids walking home unsupervised such a nation-wide controversy? Free-range parenting. Nowadays, free-range parenting is quite a big issue as the world is changing so rapidly and is no longer the same world that parents in this generation could freely roam around in their own childhood. Some argue that free-range parenting is nothing more than a mere negligence over their children in that the world is now simply too dangerous for the children to exploreRead MoreHelicopter Parents Should Be A Serious Issue1185 Words   |  5 Pagesthe shortcut for their children to succeed. Whether helicopter parents should be a serious issue has raised a wide of variety of debate in society. In my viewpoint, helicopter parents have become a severe problem nowadays. The first reason is that parents are more apt to intervene in their children’s lives than before due to circumstance, so there are more helicopter parents than bef ore. The second reason is that those children with helicopter parents are inclined to have mental problems, rely onRead MoreAnalysis Of Simon Sineks Speech1349 Words   |  6 Pages2016, Simon Sinek analyses and discusses the topic of Millennials within the workplace. Throughout Sinek’s speech in his interview, he explains the disadvantages which Millennials have faced while growing up in their generation. Now, Sinek claims that the reason why Millennials have been dealt such a â€Å"bad hand† in life, is a result of failed parenting strategies, and an imbalance of technology along with social media (which has advanced like never before within the adolescence of Millennials). ThereforeRead MoreThe Problem Of Attending College1330 Words   |  6 Pagesbaccalaureate degree, or even more so with a graduate degree, they become more probable to bring home more money due to their professional work setting. These parents are more likely to be what some call a â€Å"helicop ter parent†, or a parent that is actively involved in their child’s life. This parenting style can be time-consuming and sometimes expensive. (Golden) Along with their degree, parents also have some familiarity of what college is going to be like and can use their own experiences for the advantageRead MoreParents And Teachers Involvement With Children s Education917 Words   |  4 Pagesnot know how to deal with the nontraditional family and the areas that may concern that is represents†. When I was doing my research on parental involvement I also found out some advantages and disadvantages to parent involvement in their child education you wouldn’t think that it was any disadvantage by being a parent that is involved with their child education. I will be talking about the advantages then later I will mention later in my research later on, the first advantage for parent involvementRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams1540 Words   |  7 Pagessense of reality. Amanda treats her children as if they are much younger than they really are. Amanda embodies a helicopter parenting style. She is constantly pushing her ideas upon them and attempting to control their actions, especially Laura in regards to men. Why you re not crippled, you just have a little defect - hardly noticeable, even! When people have some slight disadvantage like that, they cultivate other things to make up for it - develop charm - and vivacity - and - charm!† AmandaRead Moreeffect of parenting style on the academic development of children6694 Words   |  27 PagesDictionary of contemporary English imply the father or mother of a person. It also went on to disclose its view on parenting as the skill or activity of looking after your own children. Davies (2000) opined that parenting (or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional social and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting style is a psychological contrast representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing (stantrockRead MoreBest Practices For Managing Parent Concerns Essay1876 Words   |  8 Pagesfound that 34% of respondents reported that they communicated with their children either daily, or more than once a day (â€Å"National Parent Survey†). Increased parental involvement is driving colleges and universities to examine the advantages and disadvantages of having parents as a more significant influence on collegiate processes. The frequency and medium of communication between parents, students, and administrators is a specific interest. Much of the increased involvement originates from the prevalenceRead MoreAin t No Making It Chapter Summaries Essay9177 Words   |  37 Pagesmothers for the children that he fathered despite his low wages. He is unhappy that he isnt making more money but has come to accept his financial situation as it is. He feels comfortable doing customer service and is looking forward to being a helicopter pilot in the next year. Derek prides himself for being optimistic and being a good person. Boo-Boo Boo-Boo is actually unfortunately no longer living. He and his family all died AIDS. He was hospitalized and bedridden until his condition led toRead MoreStrategy Safari by Mintzberg71628 Words   |  287 Pagesand for Worse Any discussion of strategy inevitably ends on a knife-edge. For every advantage associated with strategy, there is an associated drawback or disadvantage: 1. Strategy sets direction. Advantage: The main role of strategy is to chart the course of an organization in order for it to sail cohesively through its environment. Disadvantage: Strategic direction can also serve as a set of blinders to hide potential dangers. Setting out on a predetermined course in unknown waters is the perfect